Ruby Natural Stones | Ruby Gemstone Indian Astrology | The Gem of Sun in Vedic Astrology

Ruby - The Royal Gemstone of the Planet Sun

Natural Ruby Stones also reffered to as Manik in Hindi are the Gemstones of the Sun which rules the sign of Leo and is the King of the Zodiac. The Sun is the King of all existing phenomena in the solar system. The Sun represents the male or father principle. The Sun gives us vitality and the power of resistance and immunity. It is responsible for our body's constitution. The Sun gives life force, power of will, intellect, brilliance, prosperity, success in worldly affairs, wealth, personal conduct, activity, cheerfulness, good fortune, wisdom, ambition, fame, the understanding of the phenomenal world, and the knowledge of medicine. It also governs our relationship with temples and holy places.

The Sun is masculine, forthright, independent, regimented, illuminating, and purifying. It is the source of all intellect on earth - the protector and preserver of life - and the ruler of the intellect. The Sun rides a chariot pulled by seven horses, representing the seven invisible rays of light and the seven colors. He holds the lotus of purity in three hands and grants fearlessness with his fourth.

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Different Names of Ruby Gemstone

In Sanskrit the Ruby is known by various names such as Manikya, manik, Padmaraag, Lohit, Shohnratna, Raviratna, Shohnopol, Kookbinda, Sougandhik, Basuratna. In Hindi the Ruby is alsocalled as: Chunni, Rugal, Manik, Suryakaanta mani. In Urdu and Persian it Ruby is known as Yakuth and Soorkhh. It is light red like the color of a rose.

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Ruby Stone - Chemistry

Ruby is a gemstone of the corundum family and is attractive because of its brilliance, if it is crystal clear and transparent. It is found in a variety of crimson and scarlet red colors ranging from pink to a ruddy violet color. It has the smooth and delicate luster of clarified butter.

Sources of Ruby Gemstones

  • Afghanistan
  • India
  • Kenya
  • Madagascar
  • Myanmar
  • Sri Lanka
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam

Ruby Gemstone - Scientific Gemological Data

Hardness & Toughness:

Hardness 9 on Mohs scale
Toughness Usually excellent, but stones with certain treatments or large fractures or inclusions can be less durable
Specific Gravity 3.9 to 4.1
Refractive Index 1.76 to 1.77


Environmental FactorReaction
Hardness High heat can cause change in color or clarity, and can damage or destroy fracture and cavity-fillings
Toughness Generally stable, but heat from bright lights can cause oil to leak or dry out
Specific Gravity Can harm fillings and remove oil; soldering flux containing boron, and firecoat made with boric acid powder, will etch the surface of even untreated stones

Ruby Gemstone Care and Cleaning:

Type of CleaningAdvisability
Ultrasonic cleaning Usually safe, but never for fracture- or cavity-filled stones
Steam cleaning Usually safe, but never for fracture- or cavity-filled stones
Warm, soapy water Safe, but avoid strong detergents and vigorous scrubbing on oiled stones